Secured loans against unsecured loans – What is the difference?

SAN JOSE, California, September 28, 2021 / PRNewswire / – If you are thinking of borrowing money, you may come across secured and unsecured loans. While secured loans require some form of collateral, unsecured loans do not. But this does not mean that bad loans are always better.

Here’s what you need to know about secured and unsecured loans and how anyone can influence you as a borrower, from myFICO.

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What is a secured loan?
A secured loan is a type of credit secured. If the borrower defaults on the debt, the lender can pledge the collateral and use it to recover the amount owed.

Some types of loans are almost always secured, while others may or may not be, depending on your credit situation. Here are some common mortgages you may find:

Mortgages: Mortgages are almost always secured by the property you use the loan to buy. Equity loans and credit limits are also secured by the equity you have in your home.

  • Auto loans: The lender generally requires you to pledge the vehicle you are buying with the loan as collateral.
  • Personal loans with collateral: Sometimes called Mortgage Loans or Savings Loans, these loans require you to keep a certain amount of cash in an interest-bearing account as loan collateral. Depending on the lender, you may be able to borrow up to 100% of the value of the collateral or less.
  • Secure credit card: Secure cards require you to make a deposit, usually – but not always – equal to the credit limit you are looking for on the card. In most cases, you will receive the deposit back when you close the account, but some card issuers may refund it sooner if you use the card responsibly.
  • Credit loan: Designed specifically for people with bad credit, limited credit or no credit at all, credit cards work a little differently than other loans. Instead of giving you loan proceeds in advance, they are placed in an interest-bearing account while making monthly payments. Once you have repaid the loan in full, you will receive the money.

Please note that there are other types of secured loans, including car title loans, pawn loans and life insurance loans. But these are generally not recommended.

Advantages of secured loans

  • May meet the requirements with lower FICO® grades: Many secured loans are designed for people with lower credit. If you want to build your own credit line, a secured credit card, a credit building loan or a secured personal loan can help.
  • Usually accompanied by lower prices: Although not always true, secured loans often charge lower interest rates than their unsecured counterparts because the lender takes less risk.
  • Larger loans: In some cases, the lender can afford to offer a larger loan amount because it is secured with security.

Disadvantages of secured loans

  • It may be difficult to qualify for: In the case of a savings loan or a secured credit card, it can be difficult to get approval if you do not have enough cash to meet your deposit requirements.
  • Default can be costly: It is never ideal to default on a loan. But if you default on a secured loan, you will probably lose the asset you pledged as collateral. With bigger loans like mortgages and car loans, foreclosure or recovery can be a real setback.

What is an unsecured loan?
Unsecured loans do not require collateral of any kind. Thus, while not being able to pay off debt can damage your FICO® ratings and sometimes lead to debt collection efforts, your assets will not be recovered. Some common types of unsecured loans include:

  • Personal loans
  • Student loans
  • Credit cards

There are other types of unsecured loans, such as payday loans, but they are you better avoid them.

Advantages of unsecured loans

  • No guarantee required: You do not want to be frustrated if you cannot get the right pitch so invest in a good capo.
  • Competitive interest rates for borrowers with strong credit: If you have good or excellent credit, you may still be able to qualify for a relatively low interest rate on an unsecured personal loan, student loan, or credit card.
  • Quick funding: Because you do not need to transfer money for a deposit or deal with a mortgage loan, you may be able to access your loan funds more quickly with an unsecured loan.

Disadvantages of unsecured loans

  • Generally more expensive: While you can get a competitive interest rate if your FICO® scores are high, unsecured loans still charge higher interest rates on average than guaranteed loans.
  • More Restrictions on Low FICO® Borrowers: If your credit history is considered poor or limited — or you have no credit history at all — you may experience higher interest rates and commissions, as well as lower loan amounts.
  • Risk of lawsuit or receipts: With a secured loan, the lender can simply use the collateral to recover his losses. But with an unsecured loan, you can sell the debt to a collection company, which may try to sue you for collection. Although this is not always the case, it is important to make payments on time to avoid the possibility.

The bottom line
Secured and unsecured loans have their purposes and in some cases, you may not have a choice between the two. Even if you can choose, there are also cases where one choice makes more sense than the other.

The important thing is that if you want to borrow money, it is important to understand the terms of the loan and the pros and cons of the type of loan you choose and make sure you take the time to store lenders. Take the time to consider all of your lending options before coming up with the one that best suits your needs.

About myFICO
MyFICO makes it easy to understand your credit with FICO® Ratings, credit reports and notifications from all 3 offices. MyFICO is the FICO Consumer Division – get FICO Ratings from people who do FICO Ratings. For more information, visit


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