What is a signature loan and how does it work?

If you are looking for a loan that does not require collateral, a signed loan could be a good solution. A signature loan can be used for almost any purpose. In addition, you can get funds fast – some lenders issue funds on the same business day.

However, like all financial products, these loans have disadvantages. Some lenders charge commissions and you may receive a high interest rate. Before applying for a signature loan, consider the details of these loans to make sure they are the right choice for you.

What is a signature loan?

A signature loan is an unsecured personal loan. Unlike a secured loan, this type of loan does not require you to pledge collateral – something valuable, such as a bank account or home – a lender can seize if you are unable to repay the loan. Instead, the loan is backed by your signature, which represents a legal pledge to repay the loan funds.

Because the loan is unsecured, lenders usually charge a higher interest rate than secured loans, such as mortgages and car loans. The average interest rate on signature loans is often lower than the average interest rate on credit cards.

Also, loan funds can be used for almost any purpose, such as medical emergencies, debt consolidation and important life events.

How does a signature loan work?

When applying for a signature loan, a lender takes into account factors such as your credit history, income and credit score to determine if you qualify for a loan. These factors also help a lender determine the interest rate and amount of your loan.

If you are approved for a signature loan, a lender will issue you a lump sum. You then repay the loan amount, plus interest, over a set repayment period usually ranging from 24 to 60 months or more.

What are the best uses of a signature loan?

The best use of a signature loan depends on your unique financial circumstances. Here are some scenarios where using someone can make sense.

Debt consolidation

If you have high interest rate debt, such as credit card debt, using a debt consolidation loan to consolidate your debt could be a good financial move. Debt consolidation means repaying your existing debts with a new loan. If you qualify for a signature loan with an interest rate lower than the average interest rate on your current debt, you can save a ton of money on interest.


Signature loans also work well to cover unexpected expenses such as medical emergencies, car repairs and home repairs. If you do not have an emergency fund or if the cost is too high to cover, you may be able to get money quickly.

Important life events

If you have to pay for an expensive event such as a wedding, move to another state or an anniversary party, a signature loan could help. Just remember to borrow only what you can afford.

Where can you get a signature loan?

You can get a signature loan from many financial institutions, including banks, credit unions and online lenders.


Traditional banks offer signed loans. If you already have a relationship with a bank, contact its customer service department to see if it offers signature personal loans. You may receive an interest rate discount because you are already a customer. Alternatively, contact a bank by phone to see if it offers personal loans without collateral.

Credit unions

Some credit unions offer signature loans and the interest rate is often lower than what banks offer. For example, the average interest rate on a three-year unsecured personal loan to a credit union was 8.95 percent on June 25, 2021, according to the National Credit Union Administration. By contrast, the average three-year interest rate on a personal loan at a bank was 10.09 percent.

To get a personal loan from a credit union, you must be a member or apply for membership.

Online Lenders

Many online lenders offer unsecured personal loans. To find them, you can visit an online marketplace or look for individual lenders. One advantage of applying with an online lender is that most allow you to qualify to check your estimated rates and terms without damaging your credit score.

Advantages and disadvantages of signed loans

Before concluding a signature loan, make sure you weigh the pros and cons.


  • Fast financing. Need money fast? Some lenders may issue your loan funds on the same business day or within a few business days of loan approval.
  • No collateral is required. Since all signature loans are unsecured loans, you do not have to worry about getting your car back from the lender or foreclosing on your home (unless a court awards the lender).
  • Lower interest rates on credit cards. The average personal loan interest rate is usually lower than the average credit card rate. For example, from March 3, 2022, the average personal loan interest rate is 10.28 percent.


  • Some lenders charge fees, such as setup fees, late fees, and prepayment penalties. These charges can significantly increase your borrowing costs.
  • Potentially high interest rates. If you have bad credit, a lender can charge you a high interest rate. Some lenders have maximum advertised interest rates that are higher than 30 percent.
  • Late payments can hurt your credit score. If your payment is delayed for more than 30 days, it can cause great damage to your credit score, making it more difficult for you to qualify for future loans.

How To Get A Signature Loan

If you think getting a signature loan is right for you, follow these steps to get one:

  1. Check your credit report. Inaccurate and incomplete information can lower your credit score. Before applying for a loan, check your credit reports to make sure they are accurate. You can view Experian, Transunion and Equifax credit reports free of charge weekly until April 20, 2022, by visiting with. If you find a credit report error, challenge it with any credit bureau that lists it.
  2. Qualify with multiple lenders. Compare your loan options by default with as many lenders as possible. Once you submit your application, a lender will perform a mild credit check to check your credit, which has no effect on your credit score. If you qualify, you will be given estimated prices and terms.
  3. Submitting a formal loan application. Once you have selected a lender, fill out a loan application. You will probably be asked to provide personal and financial information such as your name, employer, Social Security number (SSN), income and bank statements.
  4. Sign the loan agreement and receive funds. If your application is approved, a lender will send you a loan agreement to sign. Read the terms carefully and sign if you agree with them. The lender will then have to deposit the money into your bank account within two business days.
  5. Repay your loan. Make sure you repay your signed loan as promised. If you make late payments, you may pay a late fee and it could hurt your credit, making it more difficult to get future loans. Sign up for automatic payment or use a spreadsheet to keep track of your expiration date.

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